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Understanding Nanocellulose–Water Interactions: Turning a Detriment into an Asset

Laleh Solhi, Valentina Guccini, Katja Heise, Iina Solala, Elina Niinivaara, Wenyang Xu, Karl Mihhels, Marcel Kröger, Zhuojun Meng, Jakob Wohlert, Han Tao, Emily D. Cranston, Eero Kontturi

Abstract: Modern technology has enabled the isolation of nanocellulose from plant-based fibers, and the current trend focuses on utilizing nanocellulose in a broad range of sustainable materials applications. Water is generally seen as a detrimental component when in contact with nanocellulose-based materials, just like it is harmful for traditional cellulosic materials such as paper or cardboard. However, water is an integral component in plants, and many applications of nanocellulose already accept the presence of water or make use of it. This review gives a comprehensive account of nanocellulose–water interactions and their repercussions in all key areas of contemporary research: fundamental physical chemistry, chemical modification of nanocellulose, materials applications, and analytical methods to map the water interactions and the effect of water on a nanocellulose matrix.


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